I downloaded the deb file for 52.0.2871.40 from Opera's download site and applied your package patch Fri 3/30/18. I've been using it regularly since then and everything seems to be working right except for the No-Script Suite Lite extension.
Opera crashes every time I click on the script's gear icon unless I'm in Opera's settings tab. Opera 52.0.2871.40 installed on Ubuntu 16.04 does not have that problem.
I'm digging a little deeper to see if I can get some idea of what's going on, but in my view it may be a little early to claim absolutely everything works. I'll post what - if anything - I find out here.